Kirkuk Events...Selectivity and Partialism give rise to Two Hatred Stories

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Kirkuk Events...Selectivity and Partialism give rise to Two Hatred Stories

 

Iraqi Media House

Kirkuk Events...Selectivity and Partialism give rise to Two Hatred Stories

 

In the 32th monitoring report, Iraqi media house monitors the local media coverage of the political crisis between the federal government in Baghdad and the Kurdistan Regional Government after the entry of joint federal forces to the province of Kirkuk and disputed areas in Salahuddin, Diyala and Nineveh and the subsequent security events and armed clashes between the parties. The monitoring sample also included officials' statements in TV channels, news agencies and Arab and Kurdish newspapers.

 

On 16th of October, 2017 The Iraqi army entered Kirkuk province. And armed clashes took place with the Kurdish Peshmerga forces, and the progress of federal forces continued after days towards the disputed areas inhabited by Kurds and Arabs and Turkmen in the provinces of Salahaddin, Diyala and Nineveh. Federal forces began to spread at the border crossings of Kurdistan with Turkey, Syria and Iran, creating a violent political crisis.

 

The monitoring sample included 12 local Kurdish and Arab media, TV channels, agencies and news sites. The IMH's monitors based on the archive of websites, news agencies, TV channels and newspapers for the monitoring sample. Despite some difficulties because of the removal of some media their news and reports that they published in the first days of the crisis.

 

The monitoring report takes into consideration different media orientations according to the nature of the funding, whether from the state, the private sector, parties, forces and political figures, by monitoring the media coverage of the crisis, which included news, video and written reports, and opinion articles.

 

In this regard, the Iraqi Media House notes that local media have failed in a new test of dealing with the major crises that hit the country, by aligning certain political parties in a non-professional manner, thereby deepening the community gap between the Arab and Kurdish populations.

 

The Iraqi Media House's new monitoring report is a new example of the hate speech in the Iraqi media, after publishing its huge report "The Hatred Dictionary" Which dealt with the vocabulary and terminology of hatred is now circulating seriously and become part of popular culture in dialogues and debates on political, security and social issues.

 

The monitoring reached to the following results:

 

1-   The bias of some media coverage of the crisis in Kirkuk and the accompanying security, political and social repercussions. By focusing on certain political positions by supporting certain trends and attacking other trends. And not limited to the use of statements of officials of deputies and politicians, but went to the formulation of fabricated news without professional standards.

 

2-   Iraqi Media House's monitors have noted the use of a great deal of fabricated news during the crisis compared to previous crises. This news was based on statements of unknown sources, despite the fact that they contained serious information that needed to be precise and cautious in their presentation. The news included pictures and videos fabricated showing that they are produced or old dating back to previous events, which reflected negatively on the public opinion, where joined by the pioneers of social networking sites and re-published on public pages have thousands of followers.

 

3-   Editors and media providers were involved in the drafting of news and reports in a sarcastic and offensive manner by using statements by politicians and adding terms that appeared to be their own. Which indicates the seriousness of the phenomenon of the indulgence of journalists and media in political conflicts and forget the role assigned to them and the potential exposure to threats as one of the parties to the crisis and the reflection of these positions on the future career.

 

 

4-   Media allowed the publication of opinion articles on their websites and newspapers included a hate speech that was not free of insults, threats and accusations, which contributed to the spread of these articles and access to the public and generated sharp debates between users of social media. The "Iraqi Media House" here that the consideration of these articles reflect the views of the owners does not exempt the media that published them from the responsibility of the professional and legal toward these articles and writers.

 

5-   Media has been involved in defamation campaigns against media institutions, journalists, media and public figures through various charges including treason. Media have been preparing news and programs to attack other media, sparking violent reactions against journalists, media professionals and media organizations.

 

 

6-   Media especially TV channels, were involved in promoting hate speech by adopting statements by politicians that included direct, indirect and personal threats to the crisis or the preparation of special reports, including hate speech, such as "popular militia", "Barzani militias" and " And "civil war" and "the Shiite occupation forces" and "mercenaries Massoud."

 

7-   Media outlets used news and publications on anonymous social media sites. The media did not hesitate to publish them without verifying their credibility, so that officials had to go into the news by denying them or building positions that aroused controversy among Iraqis.

 

Recommendations:

 

  1.    The Iraqi Media House stresses the need for the media to give the media a high priority in covering major crises, especially those related to the fate of individuals, groups, institutions and social groups, by obtaining sources of information from concerned political parties and politicians, and by adopting attitudes, opinions and information without allowing the use of hate speech and threats. , And should refrain from obtaining statements that indicate that those who are out of jurisdiction contribute to exacerbate the crisis and deepen the social divide.
  2.    The journalist and media person responsible for covering the crises should provide a wide database that includes the official and non-official positions that preceded the crisis and during which they were confirmed on the official websites and then compared to the current positions, and asking the officials to einclude their statements by evidence.

 

  1.    Avoid the media use of news and publications on social networking sites, especially with the spread of what has become popularly and officially known as "electronic armies" based on news and fabricated stories spread among a wide range of the public through the "funded advertisement" "There is a need to promote a culture of professional interaction with digital content by providing expertise to the public in how to deal with news, photos and videos circulating, and to identify the dangers of false publications on Security and peace meeting.

 

  • International media development organisations express their grave concern that press freedom is increasingly under threat in the Kurdish Region of Iraq

    The Court ruling of the 16 February 2021 sentencing journalists and civil society activists to six years in prison for undermining national security, has led to grave concerns regarding the room for open public debate in the Kurdish Region of Iraq.

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